行政院農業委員會台南區農業改良場   研究彙報第68號

 

季節與溫度對臺南地區萬代蘭切花生產及儲運之影響 

楊颺、胡唯昭

摘  要

楊颺、胡唯昭。2016。季節與溫度對臺南地區萬代蘭切花生產及儲運之影響。臺南區農業改良場研究彙報68:35-47。

萬代蘭是臺灣新興之花卉作物,目前多作為切花外銷日本。萬代蘭Pachara Delight 'Blue'、Kulwadee Fragrance 'Black' 栽培於臺南地區設施內一年四季均可抽梗開花,唯冬季低溫期產量較少。萬代蘭花序生長呈一S 型曲線,花序發育與花梗生長速率顯著受季節溫度影響,冬季低溫時花梗生長較慢且較晚開花。夏季採收之切花經低溫11℃儲運後易發生寒害,且瓶插壽命亦較短,保鮮管液中添加氯化鈣則可降低寒害情形;而冬季採收之切花,儲運後較不會發生寒害且有較佳之瓶插壽命。

現有技術:萬代蘭是臺灣新興之花卉作物,利用地區氣候差異週年皆可生產切花外銷日本,臺南地區為新興產區但缺乏相關生產資料。

創新內容:針對臺南地區氣候條件,探討萬代蘭在不同季節溫度下之生長及開花情形,並建立切花儲運資料。

對產業影響:減少萬代蘭低溫儲運寒害,提升切花外銷品質。

關鍵字:萬代蘭、切花、寒害
接受日期:2016年9月7日


Effects of Season and Temperature on Vanda Cut Flower Production and Storage in Tainan

Yang, Y. and W. C. Hu

Abstract

Vanda is a newly developed flower crop in Taiwan, and is exported to Japan as cut flower. Vanda Pachara Delight 'Blue' and Kulwadee Fragrance 'Black' grow in Tainan, could produce spiking flower all year round in the green house, but the cut flower production was less during cold winter season. Growth of Vanda flower stalks was a S type curve. Inflorescences development and stalk growth rate were significantly affected by season and temperature. Vanda flower stalks grew slowly and flowered lately in cold winter. Cut flowers harvested in summer were seriously chilling injured after storage at 11ºC, and had shorter vase life. Tube solution containing CaCl2 could lesson chilling injury. In the other hand, cut flowers harvested in winter had less chilling injury and longer vase life.

What is already known on this subject?
Vanda is a newly developed flower crop in Taiwan. Vanda plants can produce flowers year round under different area environment in Taiwan, and produced cut flowers for export to Japan. Tainan is a new area of Vanda cut flowers, but information of Vanda growing is limited.

What are the new findings?
Find effects of season and temperature on Vanda growth and flowering behavior under climate in Tainan, and establish the storage information of Vanda cut flowers.

What is the expected impact on this field?
Lightening chilling injury of Vanda cut flowers after cold storage, and improving the quality of exported cut flowers.

Key words: Vanda, Cut flower, Chilling injury
Accepted for publication: September 7, 2016


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