吳昭慧、王仕賢、黃涵靈。2014。國產大豆競爭力提升策略之探討。臺南區農業改良場研究彙報 63：31 - 39。
The Study of Strategies to Improve Competition Advantage for Domestic Soybean in Taiwan
Wu, C. H., S. S. Wang and H. L. Huang
The demand for soybeans in Taiwan is more than 2,000,000 tons a year, the majority of which are imported from America and Brazil. The self-sufficiency ratio of soybeans in Taiwan is less than 0.01%. In light of food safety, the Agriculture and Food Agency drew up regulations in 2012 in order to encourage farmers to cultivate soybeans under contract farming. The domestically grown soybeans are fresher, of higher quality and non-GMO, but they require higher costs than imported soybeans. As a result, domestic soybeans do not have the competitive advantage in terms of the price. In addition to the support by the government’s policy, we should follow up by seeking improvement in two aspects: farmers’ willingness for soybean cultivation and consumer purchases of soybeans. In order to increase the yields of soybeans, we have to improve the soybean varieties. In the meantime, we can cultivate with labor-saving cultivation methods and employ reasonable uses of fertilizer, mechanized harvesting, and mass production. This is in order to decrease the costs and increase the benefits and to further contribute to the increase of cultivation area of soybeans. Furthermore, we can produce healthy soybean seeds, use pesticides safely and keep track of the agriculture traceability system to improve the quality of domestic soybeans. We can also establish market platforms for domestic soybeans and develop diverse products to increase consumer purchases.
Keyword: Domestic Production, Soybean, Competitive
Accepted for publication: April 15, 2014