行政院農業委員會台南區農業改良場   研究彙報第63號

 

不結球白菜新品種臺南3號之育成

謝明憲、許涵鈞、王仕賢

摘  要

  謝明憲、許涵鈞、王仕賢。2014。不結球白菜臺南3號之育成。臺南區農業改良場研究彙報 63:20-30。

  不結球白菜「臺南3號」屬於青梗白菜類型,耐熱,高腳,雜交一代品種。葉形呈卵圓形,葉片濃綠色,葉柄長、淺綠色。株高約23公分,株型直立。播種後約35-40天為適收期,夏作平均單株重達115公克。新品種的耐熱性佳,在高溫及高濕環境栽培,仍能維持葉色濃綠、葉面平整等性狀;且植株屬高腳型(葉柄較長),多雨期栽培有助於減少葉片因雨水、濺土而損傷植株。不結球白菜「臺南3號」於102年5月9日專屬授權移轉予「誼禾種苗有限公司」,同年12月22日取得中華民國植物品種權(A01528)。新品種的育成有利於夏季露天或網室栽培時降低不良比率,有助於穩定夏季蔬菜生產。

關鍵詞:不結球白菜、耐熱品種、雜交育種
接受日期:2014年5月21日


Breeding of New Non-heading Chinese Cabbage Varieties "Tainan No 3"

Hsieh M. H., H. C. Hsu and S. S. Wang

Abstract

   Non-heading Chinese Cabbage 'Tainan No.3' is a heat-tolerant hybrid variety with green oval shaped leaves. The plant's petiole is long and light green. The height of the plant is around 23 cm. It takes 30-35 days to harvest after sowing. The average weight per plant is 115 grams in summer. This new heat resistant variety can be cultivated in hot and humid environments while still maintaining normal shaped dark green leaves. In addition, it has long petioles which can reduce splash soil damage during heavy rain. 'Tainan No.3' has successfully completed all requirements set by Plant Variety Right Committee on Dec. 22, 2013, and the Plant Variety Rights was transferred into 'Pan-Asian Seeds Company' on May 9, 2013. 'Tainan No.3' is suitable for cultivation in open fields and net houses in summer with a lower defective ratio, which can stabilize vegetable production.

Key words: Non-heading Chinese Cabbage, Heat-resistant, Breeding
Accepted for publication: May 21, 2014


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