行政院農業委員會台南區農業改良場   研究彙報第54號

 

甘藍台南2號之育成

謝明憲、林棟樑、王仕賢

摘  要

  謝明憲、林棟樑、王仕賢。2010。甘藍台南二號之育成。臺南區農業改良場研究彙報 54:47-53。

  本研究之目的在培育出耐熱且品質優良的甘藍品種,提供農民在平地夏季栽種,以求在夏季穩定甘藍生產並遏阻在高冷地栽種。甘藍新品系「試交10號」於94年雜交育成,其母本 「TNSP」品系具有中熟,葉色黃綠,品質優良;父本「TNKK」品系具有早熟,葉色濃綠及品質優良之特性,96年以「試交10號」與「試交7號」、「試交8號」及「試交9號」進行品系比較試驗,結果顯示「試交10號」於台灣中南部平地夏季栽培,葉球重及葉球良品率表現最優。並於97年進行區域試作,結果顯示其葉球重均高於對照品種「台南1號」及「夏峰」。其特性為葉球顏色淺綠,結球呈扁橢圓形,葉球中心柱較短,夏作平均葉球重約1.0公斤。貯藏性佳,以1℃貯藏1個月,葉球外葉仍可維持翠綠。業已於98年8月13日通過植物品種權審議,正式取得植物品種權,品種名稱為「台南2號」,商品名稱為「波特」。

關鍵詞:甘藍、種子生產、育種


The Breeding of the New Cabbage Variety “Taiwan No. 2”

Hsieh, M. H., D. L. Lin and S. S. Wang

Abstract

  This project is aimed at obtaining a heat tolerant and high quality cabbage variety for farmers to grow in low land areas in summer, which may ease the shortage of leaf vegetables in summer and reduce the area needed to plant cabbage in high mountain areas. Results showed that Tainan Test No. 10 is very promising with high head weight and high yield rate. The head of leaves is light green, flat and oval shaped. The length of Tainan Test No. 10’s main stem is shorter than other varieties. This variety can grow from early summer in May to late summer in July in the low land areas with an average weight per head of 1.0 Kg. The harvested cabbage can be stored for one month at 1℃ under 90-95% of relative humidity, with very little loss of color. The variety has passed the naming evaluation committee’s criteria for new crop varieties and approved by the Council of Agriculture on 13 August 2009, and named ‘Tainan No. 2’.

Key words: Common cabbage, Seed production, Breeding


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