行政院農業委員會台南區農業改良場   研究彙報第53號

 

南台灣小麥品種栽培試驗與生產評估

吳建銘、吳昭慧、王裕權、陳國憲

摘  要

  吳建銘、吳昭慧、王裕權、陳國憲。2009。南台灣小麥品種栽培試驗與生產評估。台南區農業改良場研究彙報53:24-29。

  有鑒於97年上半年物價升高,97年6月進口小麥成交價格達到每公斤21.4元,與國內自行生產成本22.6元相差不遠,為因應轄區農民要求,遂於97年底進行小麥品種栽培試驗,期能在小麥價格繼續上升時提供國內欲栽培農民參考。選用包含台中選1號與以色列進口小麥AG7、AG11、AG13、AG17、AG45與AG47等7個品種進行栽培與產量試驗,結果顯示各參試品種在生育日數上皆屬於中晚熟高筋品種,單位面積產量差異不大,且栽培管理容易,皆適合在南台灣的環境下生長。此外比較國產小麥生產成本與進口小麥價格,顯示當進口價格高於每公噸706美元時,國產小麥才具價格競爭力,且若與栽培一期水稻利潤相比,仍以栽培一期稻作所得較高。

關鍵字:小麥、品種栽培比較、生產成本評估


Field Evaluations of the Different Wheat Varieties and Production Cost Analysis in Southern Taiwan

Wu, C.M., C. H. Wu., Y. C. Wang and K. H. Chen

Abstract

  The price of the wheat importation achieves to the top in the first half year in 2008 that is similar to the domestic production. Due to the price reason, we want to see maybe the domestic production can work, so we test different wheat varieties including Taichung selection number 1 and Israel varieties AG7, AG11, AG13, AG17, AG45 and AG47 in southern Taiwan. The test varieties are early mature, the yields are not significance different and easy to manage, revealing that total varieties in this experiment are adapted to the environment of southern Taiwan. Besides the growth evaluation, we also analyze the benefits of domestic wheat production especially compare the income to other crop like rice production. We can see only the importation price was less than 706 US$ per ton and the domestic wheat production will be attractive. In addition, the income of 1st crop season in rice production is more than domestic wheat production that explains why only small area of wheat production in Taiwan.

Key words:Wheat, Varieties culture test, Production cost evaluation


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