行政院農業委員會台南區農業改良場  研究彙報第47號
 

栽培介質對盆栽文心蘭生育與開花品質之影響

王瑞章、孫文章、胡文若、陳俊仁、江汶錦

摘  要

王瑞章、孫文章、胡文若、陳俊仁、江汶錦。2006。栽培介質對盆栽文心蘭生育與開花品質之影響。台南區農業改良場研究彙報 47:9 - 16 。

文心蘭於溫網室栽植,研究不同栽培介質對生育及開花品質之影響。將文心蘭 Onc .Sweet Sugar 與 Onc . Sharry Baby 2 品種種植於調配好的介質中進行栽培比較,其分別為水苔、水苔 / 保綠人造土 / 發泡煉石、水苔 / 蛇木屑、水苔 / 保綠人造土 / 蛇木屑、碎石 / 樹皮 / 蛇木屑及碎石 / 樹皮等 7 種。結果顯示栽培介質以水苔 / 保綠人造土 / 蛇木屑調配的混合介質,或單獨使用水苔為佳。在植株生育方面,以水苔 / 保綠人造土 / 蛇木屑栽培者,對文心蘭 Onc. Sweet Sugar 品種的株高及假球莖厚度有顯著影響,以水苔處理者,對 Onc . Sharry Baby 品種之葉寬、假球莖長度、分支數、花朵數顯著優於其他處理者。

關鍵詞: 文心蘭、栽培介質、生育、開花


Effect of Cultural Medium on Growth and Flowering Quality of Oncidium

Wang, R. C., W. C. Sun, W. J. Hu, C. J. Chen, and W. J. Jing

Summary

The objective of this experiment was to study the effects of growing medium on plant growth and flowering quality of Oncidium . Plantlet of Oncidium cv. ‘ Sweet Sugar ' and ‘Sharry Baby ' were planted in plastic cement tub with 7 different mixed media,which included Sphagnum , Sphagnum/Waste cotton/Calcined clay(1 : 1 : 1,v/v/v) , Sphagnum/Tree-fern(1 : 1,v/v) , Sphagnum/Waste cotton/Tree-fern(1  : 1  : 1,v/v/v) , Small stone/Tree-fern(1 : 1,v/v) , Small stone/Bark/Tree-fern(1 : 1 : 1,v/v/v) , Small stone/Bark(1  : 1,v/v). The results shower that the Sphagnum/Waste cotton/Tree-fern mixes or Sphagnum were better than other treatments. The plant heights and pseudobulb thickness of cv. ‘ Sweet Sugar ' and leaves width 、 pseudobulb height 、 branch numbers and floret numbers of cv. ‘Sharry Baby ' were significantly different among treatments. Plants cultivated in Sphagnum/Waste cotton/Tree-fern medium or Sphagnum got the best result , respectively.

Key words: Oncidium , Medium, growth, flowering


 

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