行政院農業委員會台南區農業改良場  研究彙報第46號
 

採收成熟度及貯運技術對洋桔梗貯運後瓶插壽命之影響

王裕權 、吳慶杉 、林棟樑、張元聰、陳燿煌、王仕賢 、黃光亮、沈再木

摘  要

王裕權、吳慶杉、林棟樑、張元聰、陳燿煌、王仕賢、黃光亮、沈再木。 2005。 採收成熟度及貯運技術對洋桔梗貯運後瓶插壽命之影響。臺南區農業改良場研究彙報 46:33-44。

以洋桔梗切花品種,經1-MCP+6﹪蔗糖處理後,探討不同採收成熟度及貯運條件對瓶插壽命之影響,以提供花農參考。採收成熟度以花朵開放2朵最佳,經 5℃ 7天模擬運輸後瓶插壽命達11.9天。不同貯運條件處理中;若以 11℃ 7天模擬運輸,且運輸期間以含水及離水不同包裝,運輸後瓶插壽命分別為9.3及8.7天,建議含水運輸較佳。若以 2℃ 7天模擬運輸,則含水與離水處理間瓶插壽命無明顯差異,因此建議在 2℃ 下運輸可以使用離水包裝。

關鍵詞: 洋桔梗、採收成熟度、瓶插壽命

接受日期: 2005年9月29日


Effects of Different Maturity and Simulated Transport on Vase Life of Eustoma

Wang, Y. C. , C. S. Wu , D. L. Lin, Y. T. Chang, Y. H. Chen, S. S. Wang , K. L. Huang and T. M. Shen

Summary

To study the vase quality of Eustoma cut flower, were tested with preservatives ( 1-MCP + 6 % sucrose ) with different harvest maturity and simulated transport. The harvesting maturity, 2 flowers develop mental stage were the optimal. The low temperature simulated transport ( 5 ℃ 7days), including vase life was extended to 11.9 days. Under different storage conditions, simulated transport ( 11 ℃ 7days), the vase life of the flowers transported by water and water-free were 9.3 and 8.7 days respectively. Thus, water saturation is suggested for delivery. In another simulated transportation ( 2 ℃ 7days), which has no significant difference was found between the vas life of flowers transported with and without water. But flowers saturated with water had a better opening rate. Hence, it is suggested to transport flowers in water-free packages at 2℃ .

Keywords: Eustoma, harvest maturity, vase life


 

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