行政院農業委員會台南區農業改良場  研究彙報第44號
 

菱角清洗選別機之研製

鍾瑞永、鄭榮瑞

摘  要

鍾瑞永、鄭榮瑞•2004•菱角清洗選別機之研製。台南區農業改良場研究彙報44:79 ~90。

為提高產業競爭優勢,促進菱角採收後處理機械化取代人工清洗選別分級作業,本研究調查分析人工作業流程,依據其清洗選別方式分別設計清洗及選別兩大機組,研製開發菱角清洗選別機,期使菱角採收後清洗選別作業所需勞力降到最低,有效降低生產成本。本機於設計製造完成後,經基本性能試驗驗證其性能之後,即配合菱角採收期間進行作業性能測試,試驗品種為晚生大肚菱,試驗時以清水為選別液(即比重1.0)。根據試驗結果顯示,菱角清洗及選別分級之作業能力為720kg/hr以上,清洗後之洗淨率可達97%以上,機械清洗造成的損傷率1.5%以下,選別分級精度平均可達99%以上,選別分級所致的損傷率低於1%。採用機械化作業與人工作業方式比較,在作業效率上可提高4.8倍,在處理作業成本上可降低50%。

關 鍵 詞:菱角、清洗機、選別機

接受日期:2004年9月3日


Development on the Washer and Sorter of Water Caltrops

Chung, J. Y. and J. J. Cheng

Summary

In this study, the washer and sorter for the water caltrops was developed. According to the performance testing, the operation capacity is over 720 kg/hr. The cleansing rate is above 97%, the sorting rate is above 99%, and the damaging rate was below 1.5%. Comparing with manual work, the efficiency of mechanical operation was higher about 4.8 times, and the operation cost could be reduced 50%. The machine could be used to promote the mechanization of water caltrops washing and sorting operations for water caltrops, the production cost then could be reduced significantly. 

keywords: Water caltrops, Washer, Sorter

Accepted for publication: 3 September, 2004


 

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