行政院農業委員會台南區農業改良場  研究彙報第43號

洋桔梗海運外銷貯運技術之研究

王裕權、林棟樑、張元聰、張錦興、王仕賢

摘  要

王裕權、林棟樑、張元聰、張錦興、王仕賢。2004。洋桔梗海運外銷貯運技術之研究。台南區農業改良場研究彙報43:28~38。

以洋桔梗三個品種為供試材料,以不同保鮮劑預措處理,經5℃ 7天模擬海運運輸後,探討不同保鮮劑處理對洋桔梗模擬海運運輸後對瓶插壽命之影響,以提供花農在使用保鮮劑及改進海運貯運保鮮技術之參考。其中以保鮮劑1-MCP+蔗糖處理效果最佳,因此繼續探討其最佳濃度,結果以1-MCP+6﹪蔗糖保鮮劑於室溫下處理12小時後,其瓶插壽命最佳達12.3天,且1-MCP處理時間之間並無顯著差異存在。因此建議洋桔梗切花經1-MCP + 6 ﹪蔗糖預措處理12小時,可以有效延長經海運運輸後的切花品質。

關鍵詞:切花保鮮劑、洋桔梗、瓶插壽命、採後處理

接受日期:2003年7月22日


Studies on the Shipping Technique of Eustoma

Wang Y. C., D. L. Lin, Y. T. Chang, C. S. Chang and S. S. Wang

Summary

To compare the vase quality of Eustoma cut flower, both single (var.) and double cultivars (var. ) were tested with different preservatives under low temperature simulated transport (5℃ 7days). Eustoma cut flowers pulsing with 6 % sucrose and 1-MCP (1-methylcyclopropene) 12 hours pretreatment can improve the vase quality after low temperature simulated transport (5℃ 7days), including vase life was extended to 12.3 days, but no significant different was found by 1-MCP treatment with different pulsing time. So, we suggest that the eustoma cut flowers treated with 6% sucrose pulsing combined with l-MCP pretreatment before shipment improve the vase quality of all cultivars significantly, such as the flower opening ratio, vase life, and have good shelves quality.

Key words : preservatives、Eustoma、vase life、postharvest

Accepted for publication:22 Julu, 2003



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