行政院農業委員會台南區農業改良場  研究彙報第42號
 

廚餘去水處理後裝填於生物分解垃圾袋之堆肥化研究

黃瑞彰、楊紹榮

摘  要

黃瑞彰、楊紹榮。2003。廚餘去水處理後裝填於生物分解垃圾袋之堆肥化研究。台南區農業改良場研究彙報42:60~74。

廚餘蒐集後將水分去除,再裝填入生物分解垃圾袋,進行堆肥化處理,評估生物分解垃圾袋之分解率,並探討堆肥化後產品之化學組成分及施用於作物之影響。調查得知:廚餘去水後,置於生物分解垃圾袋,在堆肥化後30~35天生物分解垃圾袋完全分解,而未去水的廚餘,其外包的生物分解垃圾袋在堆肥化後45~50天才分解。又去水廚餘裝填於生物分解垃圾袋經堆肥化後之有機質產品其鈉離子含量較含水廚餘處理有明顯的減少,平均減少35.7%。將去水廚餘裝填入生物分解垃圾袋經堆肥化後之有機質產品利用於小白菜盆植試驗得知,其植株生育及產量均優於含水廚餘及對照處理。

關鍵字:生物分解垃圾袋、廚餘、去水處理、堆肥化

接受日期:2003年7月22日


Evaluation of De-liquid Treatment of Household Waste Incorporated with Biodegradable Trash Bags under Composting

Huang, J. C. and S. R. Yang

Summary

Effect of treatment of household (de or with liquid) incorporated in biodegradable trash bags under composting on degradation rate of trash bags and chemical properties as well as application in crops of organic matter were evaluated in this study. Results indicated that biodegradable trash bags incorporated with household (de-liquid) degrade completely 30-35 days after composting, while the same bags incorporated with household (with liquid) degrade completely 45-50 days after composting. The Na element of organic matters obtained from biodegradable trash bags incorporated with household (de-liquid )was 35.7%less than the same bags incorporated with household (with liquid) .The growth for leafy vegetable also was better in the former treatment compared to that the same bags incorporated with household (with liquid).

Key words: Biodegradable trash bags, Household, De-liquid, Composting

Accepted for publication: 22 July, 2003


 

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