行政院農業委員會台南區農業改良場  研究彙報第41號
 

利用豬場污泥堆肥調配觀葉植物盆栽介質之研究

林晉卿、黃山內

摘  要

林晉卿、黃山內。2003。利用豬場污泥堆肥調配觀葉植物盆栽介質之研究。台南區農業改良場研究彙報41:1~16。

由於豬場污泥堆肥含有高濃度的銅、鋅,當作有機肥施用,容易引起污染農地的疑慮。若能將其用作觀葉植物盆栽介質的資材,則不失為良好的資源化方式之一。本試驗選擇在椰纖或蔗渣與泥炭苔之混合介質上,分別添加不同量的污泥堆肥,作為圓滿白鶴芋及紅苞蔓綠絨的盆栽介質,結果兩植株的生育表現與市售培養土相比,均不遜色,且可節省栽種的肥料使用量,而盆栽介質混合1/5污泥堆肥比1/9量效果更佳。此外,在不同盆栽介質(粗椰纖/泥炭苔=5/3、粗椰纖/樹皮堆肥=5/3、細椰纖/泥炭苔=5/3、蔗渣/泥炭苔=4/4、蔗渣/樹皮堆肥=5/3、蔗渣/炭化稻殼=5/3及泥炭苔/炭化稻殼=5/3)中,分別加入1/5量的污泥堆肥,進行紅苞蔓綠絨的盆植試驗,試驗結果顯示不同盆栽介質無論添加堆肥與否,與純泥炭苔介質相比,植株均有不遜色的生育表現。且當介質添加1/5量的污泥堆肥,在長達七個月的生育期,可免施化學肥料。

關鍵詞:豬場污泥堆肥、天南星科、盆栽介質

接受日期:2002年10月16日


Study on Using Composted Swine Sludge for Potting Media of Ornamental Plant Preparation

Lin, J. C. and S. N. Huang

Summary

The composted swine sludge containing a high level of heavy metals (copper and zinc), is susceptible to farm land pollution, which limited its use as organic fertilizer. Recycling use of swine sludge compost for growing media preparation may offer an ideal approach for waste disposal. Various potting media investigated in the study were prepared by adding different amount of swine sludge compost to media blended with coconut fiber mixed peat moss, or bagasse mixed peat moss in a specific volume ratio. Both Spathiphyllum Ceres and Philodendron cv. Wend-imbe growing in tested media are observed not only to have the same (or even better) growth performances as that of market media, but also to save fertilizer input. The results also indicated treatments of adding 20% (by volume) sludge compost to blended media are much better than those of 11% compost added in terms of growth performances. Furthermore, all pot experiments of adding 20% compost to media (coarse coconut fiber:peat moss =5:3, coarse coconut fiber:bark compost=5:3, fine coconut fiber:peat moss=5:3, bagasse:peat moss=4:4, bagasse:bark compost=5:3, bagasse:carbonized rice husk=5:3, peat moss:carbonized rice husk=5:3) showed P. cv. Wend-imbe 's growth performances comparable to that of pure peat moss, or even better. Therefore, it is concluded that chemical fertilizer can be truly withheld during 7-month growing period.

Key words: Swine sludge compost, Araceae, Pot plant growing media

Accepted for publication: 16 October, 2002


 

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