行政院農業委員會台南區農業改良場  研究彙報第28號

耐風組合式簡易型溫網室設計與應用之研究

鄭榮瑞  施清田   陳萬福   林學正

摘  要

鄭榮瑞、施清田、陳萬福、林學正.1992. 耐風組合式簡易型溫網室設計與應用之研究。台南區農業改良場研究彙報28:58~70。

為改善一般簡易型溫室不具抗風之缺點,本研究根據本省颱風力特性,設計一套屋頂可昇降式及側壁可伸縮之簡易型耐風模型溫室(長6m×寬4m),可以降低溫室迎風面之面積,減少風之壓力對溫室造成的過份應力致溫室結構損壞,確保溫室架構安全,避免栽培作物受損。設計建造完成之溫室其屋頂及側壁可用手操作上、下自由定點控制位置或藉風速感測器(可在10至30公尺/每秒,自由設定)及溫度恆溫控制器(可在18℃至35℃,自由設定)測知颱風時風速或颱風過後溫室內溫度等的變化,而自動操控溫室之屋頂及側壁之下降或上昇,其溫室高度之下降或上昇之範圍為2.2~4.2公尺,全程下降所需時間約為4分鐘,而上昇所需時間則為4.5分鐘。當溫室高度降低後可使溫室結構體之受風面積減少56﹪,可減少構造體所承受風壓力,確保颱風時整體結構之安全及栽培作物順利生長。本模型溫室於1989年建造完成後,已歷經多次颱風侵襲,並未對溫室造成任何損壞,根據長期試驗結果,本模型溫室之結構設計,已經經濟部中央標準局核准新型專利10年,專利權號數為新型第68553號。

關鍵詞:昇降屋頂式、耐風、溫網室。

接受日期:1992年4月30日。


Design and Application of an Easy-make and Adjustable Type of Green/Net House with Wind Resistance

Cheng J. J., C. T. Chi, W. F. Chen and S. C. Lin

Summary

An easy make type of green/net house (6×4 m, L×W) with automatically adjustable roof and walls was first designed to improve the resistance of green/net house to strong wind.  Illustration of the structural design and the testing results were presented in the text.  The house consisted of adjustable/movable roof frame, flitch beam, fixed stand, temperature and wind velocity sensors, was able to control the height of the house automatically at any setting points of the temperatures between 18 and 35℃ and the wind velocity between 10 and 30 m/sec..  The height of the house could be lowered down from 4.2 to 2.2 m in 4~5 min. and vise versa.  After that 56% of the surface faced to the wind were reduced which greatly prevented the house and the plants inside from the damage by strong wind.  Construction was completed in 1989.  Results of the resting in the last 2 years indicated that the design is very useful, in a small scale, during the monsoon/typhoon season for the production of vegetables in the summer.  The design has been awarded patent number 68533 for 10 years in Taiwan.

Accepted for publication: April 30, 1992.



回研究彙報目錄