行政院農業委員會台南區農業改良場  研究彙報第27號

不織布在木瓜防寒栽培之研究

張明聰

摘  要

張明聰.1991.不織布在木瓜防寒栽培之研究。台南區農業改良場研究彙報27:25~31。

以10gm-2,30gm-2及50gm-2不織布覆蓋台農二號木瓜植株,70gm-2不織布做土面覆蓋,進行調查植株生長、發育、毒素病之發生及保溫效果的影響;同時以一般的覆蓋方式,塑膠布覆蓋植株周圍、土壤無覆蓋或覆蓋塑膠布比較,結果不織布能提高溫度、促進植株生長、提早花蕾形成,及完全防上毒素病的感染,葉綠素含量除50gm-2覆蓋植株外,均與對照無覆蓋者一樣。

關鍵詞:木瓜、不織布、防寒。

接受日期:80年12月21日。


Studies of Non-woven Fabric to Maintain the Temperature for Over-wintered Papaya (Carica papaya L.) Cultivation

Chang, M. T.

Summary

The plants of Carica papaya L. cv. Tainung 2 were covered wholly with 10 gm-2, 30 gm-2 and 50 gm-2 non-woven fabric and soil surface covering with 70 gm-2 since transplanted until fruit set were set to evaluate the plant growth, chlorophyll content, virus disease and temperature as compared with non-covering plants or just covering around the plants with PE cloth.  The trunk diameter and plant height increase, leaf area and temperature were higher in the non-woven fabric covering (except 10 gm-2).  The chlorophyll contents of the plants in the 10 gm-2 or 30 gm-2 non-woven fabric were not significantly different, while significantly lower in the 50 gm-2 covering.  The ring spot virus disease could be isolated completely by non-woven fabric.

Accepted for publication: October 21, 1991.



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