行政院農業委員會台南區農業改良場  研究彙報第27號

移動式簡易設施蔬菜周年栽培

陳榮五

摘  要

利用移動式簡易設施進行蔬菜周年栽培,其優點為充份利用設施,可降低生產成本,提早收穫,無土壤連作障害問題,及可減少使用農藥。本試驗利用不同種類蔬菜周年栽培結果:(1)七月至十月覆蓋綠色尼龍網栽培小白菜、青梗白菜或蕹菜等短期蔬菜四~五次。(2)十月至一月覆蓋白色塑膠布栽培洋香瓜、小胡瓜或西瓜。(3)二月至六月利用設施骨架栽培苦瓜。同一土地可以此模式栽培二年,然後更換土地。本設施為可移動式,遷移方便。

關鍵詞:蔬菜,生產,設施栽培。

接受日期:1991年10月30日。


Year-round Vegetable Production under Simple and Movable Construction

Chen, Y. W. and H. B. Chen

Summary

Chen, Y. W. and H. B. Chen. 1991. Year-round Vegetable Production under Simple and Movable Construction.  Research Bulletin of Tainan District Agricultural Improvement Station. 27:1~6.

The benefits of year-round vegetable production using simple and movable constructions including the reusage of constructions to reduce production cost, earlier harvesting of vegetables, less hazardous caused by continuous cropping and less pesticide.  In this experiment, various kinds of vegetable were grown continuously throughout the year under a simple and movable construction.  During the hot and humid summer season of July to October, four or five plantings and harvestings of pai-tsai, water convolvulus, and chin-kerg pai-tsai were possible in the same field covered with green net plastics.  While in the cool season of fall and winter between November and February, the constructions were covered by transparent PE films for muskmelon, watermelon or cucumber production.  From February to June, it can be covered with rope nets to grow bitter gourd.  This cropping pattern can be continuously used for two years in same location and not showing the problems of succession cropping in comparison to traditional cultivation.  The construction can be moved to a new location after two years for vegetable production of the same cropping system.

Keywords: vegetable, production, protected culture.

Accepted for publication: October 30, 1991.



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