行政院農業委員會台南區農業改良場  研究彙報第24號

水稻新品種台稉1號之育成

莊商路 郭金條

摘  要

莊商路、郭金條.1990.水稻新品種台稉1號之育成。台南區農業改良場研究彙報24:1~19。

台稉1號為本場嘉義分場新育成之早熟稻新品種,原品系名稱為台南早育29號,係民國67年第2期作以早熟、抗病;短强稈、豐產之台南早系158號與豐產之台農67號雜交之優良後代為母本,再以抗病、抗蟲、米質優良、食味佳之嘉農育252號為父本雜交,而於民國71年第2期作選出,經各級產量比較試驗,全省性區域試驗,耐肥性測驗及各項病蟲害檢定,米質檢定,米飯試食等結果,具有早熟性(第1期作比早熟稻品種高雄141號早熟2天,第2期作早熟4天),豐產、短稈、耐肥性中等,脫粒性適中、穗上發芽率較低,抗縞葉枯病,米質優良,適合碾製胚芽米,直鏈性澱粉含量較低,食味佳,適合兩期作田及裡作地區栽培之優良早熟稻品種。

關鍵詞:水稻台稉1號。


A New Rice Cultivar “Taikeng 1”

S. L. Chuang and C. T. Kuo

Summary

An early maturing Japonica cultivar “Taikeng 1” was named and released for commercial cultivation in June 1988.  The original line of this variety was Tainan Tsao-Yu 29 which was selected in the 2nd crop of 1982, from the pedigree of a cross make in the 2nd crop of 1978, between F3 (Tainan Asao-shi 158/Tainung 67) and Chianung Yu 252.  In order to obtain good agronomic characteristics with the variety, many evaluations were made to evaluate its productivity, adaptability, fertilizer effect, resistance to pest, quality, and the eating panel test.  Taikeng 1 possesses the characters of short culm, good yield, medium N-fertilizer response, suitable chattering, low rate of kernel sprouting, resistant to rice stripe virus.  The quality of milled rice is good with high embryo residual rate, lower amylose content and good eating taste.  The growing duration of this variety was 2 and 4 days earlier than the early maturing check variety Kaoshiung 141 in the 1st and 2nd crop, respectively.  It is an early cultivar, suitable for the cultivation in double cropping or inter-cropping fields in Taiwan.

Keywords:Rice, Taikeng 1.



回研究彙報目錄