行政院農業委員會台南區農業改良場  研究彙報第21號

蝴蝶蘭切花開拓外銷生產改進

杜金池 黃肇家 王昭月 侯鳳舞 黃賢良 林學正

摘  要

杜金池、黃肇家、王昭月、侯鳳舞、黃賢良、林學正.1987.蝴蝶蘭切花開拓外銷生產改進。台南區農業改良場研究彙報21:63~70。

為增加國內蝴蠂蘭秋冬季(非自然產期)之切花數量以應外銷市場需求。本計畫輔導業者組織衛星蘭園進行經濟栽培,並以大朵白花、白花紅唇、桃紅花等三什交品種為材料,利用低溫調節進行促成栽培及保鮮處理,包裝運輸等試驗。供試三品種經2個月(日/夜溫24/19℃)處理後,其抽花率分別為白花70%、白花紅心50%、桃紅花50%,再經2.5∼3個月之常溫管理後即可達切花採收。切花之瓶插壽命經STS保鮮液之試管中後,分別為15、17及21天。其切花產品於75年3月10日首次試銷歐洲(瑞士)時,因包裝處理不善,到貨品質不佳。經改善包裝後於75年4月2日再次試銷,結果市場反應良好,但希望每枝切花單價能低於美金2.5元,且供應季節能集中於秋、冬季。


Improvement on Cut-Flower Production of Phalaenopsis for Exporting

C. C. Tu, C. C. Huang, J. Y. Wang, F. W. How, S. L. Hwang & S. C. Lin

Summary

For increasing the flower production of phalenopsis during off season (Autumn-Winter), a forcing method with day/night temperature at 24/19℃ for 2 months was manipulated in 1984.  After treatment, three commercial varieties of white hybrid semi-alba and pink hybrid emerged flower buds with 70% of 470 plants, 50% of 530 plants and 50% of 342 plants, respectively, all flowers reached their harvesting stage after transferred to room temperatures for 2.5~3 months.  However, their shelf life showed 15, 17 and 21 days, respectively, with pretreatment with STS preservative for 2 hrs right after harvest and kept in test tube with 8-HQS opening solution.

        A shipping test was carried to Europe (Switzerland) with an unsalabel result at first trial in ’86-3-10 because of unsuitable packing, but it was good at second trial when flowers were packed in PE tubing in ’86-4-2.  It is advised to sell flowers with price lower than US$2.5 per stalk and supply during autumn and winter.



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