The Effects of Mother-Stalk Number and Mulching Materials on the Yield and Quality of Bamboo Shoot
M. T. Chang and G. J. Junag
Bamboo shoot is an important summer vegetable in Taiwan. For improving it’s yield and quality, an experiment of mother stalk number left of four varieties. Giant bamboo, Taiwan giant bamboo, Edible bamboo and Green bamboo were conducted at Tainan DAIS. The treatments of number of stalks are 2 stalks, 4 stalks and 6 stalks.
The other trial of Ta Tao Tin Chu variety was mulched different materials, such as P-412 black, K-711 gray non-woven cloth, PE, PVC plastic sheet (black), straw, cutting straw, chaff sugarcane leaf (check), etc., to investigated the number of stalks and different mulching materials effects on the bamboo shoot yield and quality.
The result indicated that the more number of mother stalks left, the higher yield of bamboo shoot obtained, but 4 and 6 stalks left were not significantly different, we should keep more two-year-old mother stalks of Giant bamboo, Taiwan giant bamboo and Edible bamboo because they produced more bamboo shoot than three-year-old mother stalks. The number of mother stalks left didn’t affect the quality of bamboo shoot.
Mulching is an important technique to the yield and quality of bamboo shoot. The sugar-cane leaf was used for the mulching material so popularly, that we chose it as the check treatment. The result is shown that: Among all treatments of mulching were not significantly different in yield productive, but mulched with P-712 or K-711 non-woven cloth to get a bad quality in comparison of other mulching materials.